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CNC 5 - FPGA motion controller

FPGA design

Here's the FPGA motion controller block diagram (three axes shown):

The USB-2 data gets buffered in a FIFO and then goes to a demultiplexor. Since the data is "packetized", the demultiplexor is necessary to distribute the acceleration data to each integrator's axis. After the integrators, pulse generators make sure the Step/Dir pulses have the proper timing.

Here's the integrator's heart.

for(i=0; i<nbaxes; i=i+1)
    always @(posedge clk) axes_S[i] <= axes_S[i] + axes_A[i];
    always @(posedge clk) axes_P[i] <= axes_P[i] + axes_S[i];